The answer is yes, but it may not be the best choice for all dancers. Professional ballet dancers typically wear ballet shoes to dance and perform in, but there are some cases where going barefoot is appropriate.
Ballet shoes are designed to provide dancers with proper support and protection for their feet. Wearing them helps to prevent blisters and calluses from forming, as well as providing more stability on the floor. The sole of the shoe also helps to protect the foot from any hard surface that might be encountered while dancing.
However, dancing barefoot can also have its advantages. Many professional ballet companies allow their dancers to go barefoot if they choose because it allows them to feel more connected to the floor surface and move with greater freedom. It also gives them a better sense of balance and control when performing certain steps and jumps.
Going without shoes is not suitable for every dancer or performance situation. For instance, if a dancer is performing in an outdoor setting or on a rough surface, they should always wear the appropriate footwear in order to avoid any potential injuries or other issues that could arise from not wearing shoes.
Moreover, wearing ballet shoes can help a dancer become accustomed to proper technique quicker than when going barefoot. Ballet classes typically involve learning various steps and positions which often require specific foot placement that can be difficult to master without having the correct footwear on.
Conclusion: While it is possible for professional ballet dancers to do ballet without shoes, it may not be the best choice for everyone as there are certain risks involved with going barefoot such as increased risk of injury or discomfort due to hard surfaces or uneven ground conditions. In addition, wearing appropriate footwear can help a dancer quickly learn proper technique and form more quickly than when going unshod.