Traditional Greek theatre was a form of entertainment that was popular in Ancient Greece. It consisted of plays that were performed in large open-air theatres, typically built into the sides of hills.
The plays were usually based on mythology or legend and could involve up to three actors and a chorus. The actors wore masks to represent the characters they were playing, as well as elaborate costumes. The chorus sang and danced onstage, often taking part in the action of the play.
The plays were written by playwrights such as Sophocles, Euripides and Aeschylus. They were intended to be entertaining but also had a moral purpose, teaching the audience about important aspects of life such as justice and honour. The plays were often divided into three parts – prologue (where characters set up the story), parodos (where the chorus enters) and agon (where a debate or contest takes place).
The audience for these plays was usually made up of citizens from all over Greece, who would gather together in an amphitheatre to watch the performance. The theatres could seat thousands of people and it was common for spectators to bring snacks or drinks with them. After each performance, members of the audience would give their opinions on what they had seen.
Traditional Greek theatre was an important part of Ancient Greek culture and society. It consisted of plays performed in large open-air theatres, often based on mythology or legend.
They featured elaborate costumes and masks worn by actors, along with singing and dancing by a chorus. Thousands of people would come together in amphitheatres to watch performances, discussing them afterwards.