Ballet is a form of performance dance that originated in the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th century. It is a highly technical form of dance with its own vocabulary, based on French terminology. It has been influential in many other genres of dance and has been taught around the world for centuries.
Ballet technique is based on five basic positions of the feet and arms, which are combined with other steps to create more complex movements. Ballet dancers must have strong core strength and excellent physical control in order to achieve the precise movements required by the choreography.
Classical Ballet is one of the oldest forms of ballet and is the basis for most other forms, such as Contemporary Ballet, Romantic Ballet, Neoclassical Ballet, and Jazz Ballet. Classical ballet consists of specific steps that must be performed with grace and precision. The basic steps include pliés (bending), tendus (stretching), jetés (jumping), grand battements (high kicks) relevés (rising on pointe), pas de bourrée (quick steps), and pirouettes (spins).
Modern Dance is a type of dance that emerged in the 19th century as an alternative to classical ballet. Modern Dance incorporates elements from other genres such as jazz, tap, hip hop, contemporary, and more. Moves are often improvisational and can be used to express feelings or ideas about a particular topic or theme.
Contemporary Dance combines elements from modern dance with classical ballet technique. Contemporary dancers often use floor work to explore different levels and connections between movement phrases. This style focuses on expression rather than technical perfectionism found in classical ballet.
Pointe Work, also known as en pointe dancing, is a type of classical ballet technique that involves dancing on the tips of one’s toes while wearing specially designed shoes called pointe shoes. Pointe work requires great strength, flexibility, balance, control, endurance and artistry from dancers who perform it.
Character Dance, also known as Folk or National Dance, is a type of theatrical dance that originated in Europe during the 18th century. Character dances are based on different national dances from around Europe – Russian Czardas; Hungarian Czardas; Polish Mazurka; Spanish fandango; German waltz; Italian Tarantella – all performed in traditional costume to evoke a particular culture or atmosphere onstage.
Conclusion: In conclusion there are many forms of dance related to ballet including Classical Ballet, Modern Dance, Contemporary Dance Pointe Work and Character Dance which all have their own distinct techniques but ultimately all fall under one umbrella – ‘ballet’.