What Is the 19th Century of Ballet Called?


The 19th century was a pivotal period for the art of ballet. This era saw the development of classical ballet, which had been popularized in France during the court of Louis XIV in the early 18th century. During this time, new techniques and styles were developed and refined, leading to the creation of ballets that are still performed today.

The 19th century is often referred to as “The Golden Age of Ballet.” This title is due to the fact that it was during this period that many of the classic ballets were first performed.

The most notable examples are Sleeping Beauty (1890) and Swan Lake (1877). These two ballets were created by two of the most renowned choreographers in history – Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov.

Petipa’s works were noted for their technical complexity and intricate choreography. He was also instrumental in developing new steps, such as turning jumps and multiple pirouettes, that are now commonplace in ballet repertoire. Ivanov’s works often focused on a narrative structure and incorporated elements from folklore, literature, mythology, and other sources.

The 19th century also saw a number of important innovations in scene design and costuming. Scenery designers such as Joseph D’Auban began introducing elements such as backdrops, props, lighting effects, and even pyrotechnics into performances. Meanwhile, costume designers such as Carlotta Grisi pushed boundaries with their daring designs for characters like Odette in Swan Lake.

The 19th century is thus remembered for its contributions to ballet technique, narrative structure, scene design and costuming. This period also saw a shift away from pure court entertainment towards performances intended for larger audiences who could appreciate the more complex art form that ballet had become.

In conclusion, the 19th century is referred to as “The Golden Age of Ballet” due to its significant contributions to ballet technique and its influence on modern performances still enjoyed today.