Modern art is a term used to describe the art that is created from the late 19th century onwards. It includes art movements such as abstract expressionism, cubism, minimalism, and pop art.
It is characterized by its bold use of color, unconventional forms, and a sense of experimentation and exploration. Modern art has been influenced by various sources including new technologies and materials as well as the changing social and political environment of the time.
Modern art has its roots in the artistic movements that emerged at the end of the 19th century in Europe. The most influential of these was Impressionism, which was led by artists such as Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
Impressionism rejected traditional academic painting styles and instead focused on creating works that captured fleeting moments of light and color. This movement had a major impact on how art was viewed and produced, setting the stage for subsequent modern movements.
In addition to Impressionism, Fauvism was another important modern movement which emerged in 1905 in Paris. Led by Henri Matisse, this movement focused on creating works with intense colors and loose brushwork techniques which pushed against traditional composition rules. The Fauvists were heavily influenced by African tribal masks which they often incorporated into their paintings.
Cubism was another major modern movement that emerged at the beginning of the 20th century in France. Led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, this style rejected traditional perspective techniques used by artists since Renaissance times in favor of representing objects from multiple angles simultaneously. This new approach to painting allowed for greater abstraction than ever before seen in fine art painting.
The foundations of modern art are based on experimentation with new materials and techniques combined with an understanding of traditional artistic conventions and principles. Modern artists have sought to be more expressive in their works through their use of color, form, line, texture, scale, space etc., while also challenging accepted norms through their rejection or adaptation of existing styles or genres. This combination has given rise to some truly unique works that have pushed boundaries within the fine arts world while also inspiring countless other contemporary artists.
In conclusion, modern art is rooted in experimentation with new materials and techniques combined with an understanding of traditional artistic conventions and principles. It has been shaped by many different influences over time such as changing social conditions as well as technological innovations which have allowed for greater expression through bolder colors and more unconventional forms than ever before seen in fine art painting.