Marxism in art is a term used to describe a type of art that is based on Marxist theory. It is an umbrella term for any art that has been influenced by the ideas and writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Marxist theory was applied to the study of art in the early 20th century, and it has had a lasting influence on artistic expression.
Marxist theory has been used to examine all kinds of art, from painting and sculpture to literature, film, music, and theatre. The goal of Marxism in art is to use art as a tool for social change. Marxist artists seek to challenge existing power structures by making works that critique existing social conditions and call for radical transformation.
The roots of Marxism in art can be traced back to the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In their writings, they argued that human history was driven by class struggle between those who owned the means of production (the bourgeoisie) and those who worked but did not own (the proletariat). They believed that capitalism exploited workers by paying them less than their labor was worth, which led to widespread poverty among the working class.
Marxists argued that this exploitation could only be ended through revolutionary action, which would ultimately lead to a socialist society where everyone had equal access to resources and opportunities. They believed that artists could play an important role in this process by creating works that exposed the injustices of capitalist society and inspired people to take action against it.
In the early part of the 20th century, Marxist theory began to be applied more widely in artistic practice. Artists like Bertolt Brecht sought to create works that were overtly political and showed how existing power structures oppressed people in different ways. Other artists used Marxist theory as a basis for creating works with more subtle political messages or which sought to expose injustices through satire or irony.
Today, Marxism remains an important influence on many forms of modern art. Artists continue to use their work as a means of challenging existing power structures and calling attention to issues such as economic inequality, racism, sexism, environmental destruction, war, etc.. Through their work they aim not only to critique these issues but also inspire people towards collective action towards social change.
In conclusion, Marxism in art is rooted in the ideas Marx & Engels about class struggle & exploitation under capitalism & it seeks to use art as tool for social change & radical transformation through challenging existing power structures & creating works which expose injustices & inspire collective action towards creating a better world for all people.