The history of art is a vast subject that encompasses everything from prehistoric art to contemporary art. It includes painting, sculpture, architecture, photography, and any other form of visual expression. Art historians attempt to analyze and interpret the history of art by studying its style, materials, technique, and subject matter.
The study of art history can be divided into several eras: Ancient Art (prehistoric to 4th century CE), Medieval Art (4th-15th century), Renaissance Art (14th-17th century), Baroque Art (17th-18th century), Neoclassicism (18th-19th century), Romanticism (late 18th to mid 19th century), Realism (mid 19th century to early 20th century), Modernism (early 20th century to present). Each period has its own unique characteristics, with some overlapping styles and techniques.
The history of art is also closely tied to the evolution of technology and the development of new materials. The invention of oil paint in the 15th century enabled artists to create more realistic paintings than ever before.
Photography was invented in the 19th century and allowed people to document their lives and experiences in an entirely new way. The development of digital technology has enabled artists to create works that are impossible with traditional media.
What is the history of art called? It is simply referred to as “art history.”
It encompasses all forms of visual expression from prehistoric times to contemporary times, including painting, sculpture, architecture, photography, and more. It is divided into several eras such as Ancient Art, Medieval Art, Renaissance Art, Baroque Art, Neoclassicism and Romanticism. Technology has played a major role in helping artists create works that have pushed boundaries over time.