What Is the History of Landscape Art?

Art|Art History

The history of landscape art dates back to prehistoric times, when early humans created cave paintings depicting their surroundings. As civilizations developed, so did the art of landscape painting. Landscape art has been popular in many cultures for centuries and is still used today to capture the beauty of nature.

The earliest surviving examples of landscape painting are found in prehistoric cave paintings. These works depicted animals, plants, and the land itself with great detail and can be seen in caves all around the world. Cave paintings offer a unique glimpse into how early humans saw their environment.

Ancient Egypt was another culture that embraced landscape art. Egyptian artists often painted scenes of the Nile River Valley, with its lush vegetation and majestic pyramids. Ancient Greek artists also painted landscapes and were some of the first to capture the beauty of nature in their work.

The Renaissance

The Renaissance period saw a resurgence in landscape art as painters sought to capture real-life settings in their work. Famous artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael all contributed to the development of landscape painting during this time.

Modern Landscape Art

Today, modern artists continue to explore the possibilities of landscape painting. Photorealism has become popular among some painters who seek to recreate a scene with an almost photographic level of detail. Other artists focus on abstract interpretations or stylized interpretations of nature.


Landscape art has been around since ancient times and continues to be popular today. From prehistoric cave paintings to modern photorealism, it has been used by cultures around the world to capture the beauty of nature in unique ways. The history of landscape art is one that is rich with variety and creativity, making it an enduring form of artistic expression.