What Kind of Floor Do Ballet Dancers Use?


Ballet dancers need a special type of floor to perform on. It needs to be firm, but with enough cushioning to absorb the impact of jumps and other movements, without causing injury.

Generally, sprung floors are used in professional dance studios and performance theatres. These are designed to provide the correct amount of cushioning, as well as bounce and spring for jumps.

Sprung Flooring – A sprung floor is made up of softwood boards that are supported by a metal grid system beneath them. In between the boards and grid is foam padding which absorbs shock, and springs that add extra bounce for jumps.

The foam padding also helps reduce fatigue and joint stress when dancers are standing for long periods of time in rehearsals or performances. Many professional ballet companies have sprung floors built specifically for their needs, so that they can practice safely with maximum efficiency.

Mats – Mats are also used quite often in ballet classes or rehearsals. These mats provide a padded surface that is easy on the feet, ankles, knees and other joints when performing turns and leaps.

They come in various thicknesses and sizes, so it’s important to find one that suits your personal needs. Mats may also be combined with a sprung floor for extra cushioning.

Marley Flooring – Marley floors are another common choice for dance studios and performance theatres alike. This type of flooring is made from vinyl sheet material which provides a smooth surface that allows dancers to glide easily across it while turning or leaping. Marley floors come in different textures (smooth or textured) so it’s important to choose one that suits your individual needs.

Portable Dance Floors – Portable dance floors can be great options if you need a floor to practice on at home or if you don’t have access to a studio with permanent flooring solutions. These usually consist of interlocking tiles made from wood or foam which can easily be set up anywhere you need them.


Ballet dancers use different types of floors depending on their needs and preferences. Sprung floors offer cushioning with added bounce for jumps, mats provide extra padding for turns and leaps, marley floors offer smooth surfaces for gliding movements, while portable dance floors make it easy to practice at home or on-the-go. Ultimately it’s important to find the right type of floor that works best for you as an individual dancer!